In this study, the cultures that lived in Ancient Near East for a long time and the adoption which is reflected to the laws of these cultures are discussed.There are occasions when children as well as adultes are sometimes adopted. According to the period of living cultures, especially social, economical, economic etc. it is evident that the concept of adoption from the angles is different. Especially it seems that there is very little adoption with really social meaning. Perhaps this understanding must have come about because of certain conditions that we have counted according to the moral and period circumstances of the states. But most of the time, adoption has been exploited in terms of economy and property value. In our work we have been given samples especially on the cuneiform law, and sometimes it is considered appropriate to make explanations only because of the boundaries of the subject.
Keywords:Cuneiform law, laws, adoption, economy.