Samalian, defined as a branch of Aramaic within the Semitic language family, is accepted as the language used by the Aramaic Gabbar beylic, which was founded in the 9th centuries BC in the district of Zincirli within the borders of today's Gaziantep. Samalian was used extensively by Aramaic tribes, especially in the Zincirli region, who immigrated to Anatolia between the 11th and 9th centuries BC and founded beylics in Anatolia, and was called Samalian Aramaic or Northwest Aramaic. Samalian, which shows considerable similarities with the ancient Aramaic and Phoenicean, is considered as an important example due to the fact that it shows that the language of Aramaic people evolved into Luwian language which indo-european language in a geography where majority of the people were Luwians and in terms of geography's effects on the language. This study aims to analyse the characteristics of Samalian and Luwian languages and the stelas and document written in these languages.
Aramaic Inscriptions, Bet-Gabbar, Hadad, Panamuwa, Luwian