HEINRICH CHRISSTOPH FREİHHER VON PENKLERS EMBASSY OF ISTANBUL AND ACTIVITIES
HEİNRİCH CHRİSTOPH FREİHHER VON PENKLER’İN İSTANBUL ELÇİLİĞİ VE FAALİYETLERİ

Author : Uğur Kurtaran
Number of pages : 222-251

Abstract

One of the most important elements in the conduct of international relations is mutual representation of states. The most important persons providing mutual representation in interstate relations are the embassys. This is related to the authority to represent his / her president in the presence of the opposing ruler given to the embassies. For this reason, it is very important to know the activities of the ambassadors in the establishment and development of diplomatic relations between the two states. At this point it is known that many ambassadors were sent mutually in the Ottoman-Austrian relations which started with 1526 Mohaç Meydan Battle and continued for many years. One of them is XVIII. Heinrich Christoph Freihher Von Penkler, who was sent to the Babıâli in the middle of the century. In study Heinrich Christoph Freihher Von Penkler, who is an important contributor to the development of Ottoman-Austrian relations in the 18th century, has been focusing on the activities of the Istanbul embassy, which was brought twice. The embassy of Penkler, which was in the province of 1742-1754 and the second of which was in the embassy activities between 1762-1766, is very important in terms of Ottoman-Austrian relations. As a matter of fact, during the first embassy of Penkler, the 1739 Belgrade Peace Treaty was extended in 1747. In the period of the second embassy, which corresponds to the Seven Years' War, the Penkler played a major role in maintaining friendly relations between the state and the Ottoman Empire. In study the influence of Heinrich Christoph Von Penklers in the development of Ottoman-Austrian relations in the 18th century is desired. Again during the study, it was emphasized to meet the needs of the embassy during the Ottoman period in Istanbul and to determine the applications made to them within the guidelines. In order to realize these aims in the research, archive resources, which are the first sources of turnover, were used from chronicles and other works.

Keywords

Heinrich Christoph Freihher Von Penkler, Ottoman, Austrian, Embassy, XVIII. Century.

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