Appearance of the first permanent settlements and the domestication of plant and animals could be dated to the Neolithic Era, between 10.200 – 6.200 BC. These significant developments are crucial which changed the human’s way of life in many different aspects. Cappadocia region has an important place in the Near Eastern Neolithic. This volcanic area contains many different obsidian sources. Obsidian is a volcanic glass which was seen as perfect material for tool production because of its delicate nature and impressive color. Cappadocian obsidians were exploited by both local Cappadocian and other Anatolian, Syrian Levantine and Cypriot Neolithic sites that points out the inter-regional connections of Cappadocia region ten thousand years ago. Social perspectives on Neolithic way of life are restricted in an egalitarian view. Permanently settled hunter-gatherer people exhibit an unstratified social strata. However recent views on Neolithic way of life emphasize the existence of a structured social system. In this article two Cappadocian Pre-Pottery Neolithic sites, AşıklıHöyük and Kömürcü-Kaletepe obsidian workshop were evaluated by a structured social view.
Cappadocia, Pre-Pottery Neolithic, Social Structure