Different ethnic constituents who had lived side by side in Yugoslavia, which was established on some parts of the Balkans that seperated from the Ottoman State, became enemies when the World War II erupted. In those regions where the Serbs constituted a majority, many Bosnian villages were ruined and massacred. People who saved their lives from these massacres, either sought asylum in other Bosnian villages that were not under the control of the Serbs or resided in refugee camps founded in Austria, Italy or Germany by the Allies. On the other hand, the Bosniak soldiers who were serving in the army of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia at that time, were also arrested and taken to the aforementioned Allied camps as prisoners. Thus, the Bosniaks both who stayed in Bosnia and in refugee camps abroad, had sought asylum in Turkey from the President Ismet Inonu both individually and collectively; and they sent ten letters to him in this regard. From the expressions displayed in the aforementioned letters kept in the Turkish Republican Archives, it could be understood that the Bosniaks were living in difficult conditions and since they were regarded themselves as Turks they wanted to find refuge in Turkey. Turkey, which was also amid troubles during the World War II, didn’t take care of them and President Ismet Inonü did not respond any of those ten letters. This shows that the Bosniaks, who were fighting to survive during the Second World War, were abondoned to their own destiny.
Turkey, Yugoslavia, Bosnia, the Bosniaks, Ismet Inonu
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