The Annales School, founded in 1929 by two French historians, Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, has brought a new approach to the conception of writing history. The Annales School did not accept the historiography which focused on relations between the countries, wars and the lives of important political and military personalities. The Annales School defended a conception of history that gave importance and priority to economic and social issues. Unlike the Marxist concept of history, the Annales movement did not only have an economy-based perspective. When analysing a historical subject, it was advocated to use other disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, geography. The Annales historians applied this new method in their works. However, different approaches have emerged among them. In general, the Annales movement is divided into three phases. The first phase, in which Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch were active, lasted until the end of the Second World War. In this period there is a strong opposition to the tradition of political history. The second phase, in which Fernand Braudel was the leading historian, lasted until the end of the 1960s. In the third phase, no single trend was dominant. The Annales historians started to use different methods. This study examines the approaches of the Annales historians in the three phases of the Annales movement.
The Annales School, the Annales Historians, Lucien Febvre, Marc Bloch, Fernand Braudel