The 8th century B.C. symbolizes the period when the Anatolian kingdoms fought against the spreading policies of Assyria. The prominent political structures in Anatolia in this period were the Phrygians, the city-states within the Tabal Kingdom, and the Urartians. The Assyrian expansionist politics, particularly initiated in the period of Sargon II (722-705 BC), in general, aimed to dominate the Mediterranean trade. In line with this objective, Anatolia, with the diversity of raw materials and the transportation route from Assur to the Mediterranean, was considered as a geography to be seized completely or at least, to be controlled. The Anatolian states tried to gather power by establishing coalitions with each other against the advance of Assyria. It is clearly seen both in the yearbook of Sargon, and in the letters of the king that Assyria struggled to remove all the obstacles against the progress in this period. The letter with inventory record number ND 2759, which Sargon II wrote in response to Aššur-šarru-u?ur, the governor of the Que (Cukurova) who was appointed by himself, is considered to be an important resource to understand the political balance between the Assyrian and Anatolian political units. The aim of this study is to analyze the letter that was written by Sargon II (ND 2759), to clarify the diplomatic relations between Assyria and Anatolia.
Neo-Assyria, II. Sargon, Tabal, Midas, Urartu