JEWISH REBELLION FROM NERO TO VESPASIANUS IN JERUSAL (66-73 A.D.)
NERO’DAN VESPASİANUS’A KUDÜS’TE YAHUDİ İSYANI (M.S. 66-73)

Author : Cengiz Karaeli
Number of pages : 21-42

Abstract

The relationship between Rome and the Jewish community, which began with the Roman army under the rule of Pompeius took over Jerusalem in 63 B.C. remained positive as a result of the correct policies followed in the region. However, despite the protective policy of Rome, occasionally mismanagement of the governors of Rome that would cause a social movement, will take us to the rebellion that started at 66 A.C. In the arbitrary practices of the rulers in the region, effect of the civil war that took place in the empire at this time was great. Inferring the Roman rule as the only reason for the revolt will cut corners together with to be a side, and it will prevent us from seeing the whole picture. A society that has experienced countless bad events in its history and experienced exile as in Assyrian and Babylonian captivity must have important reasons to end its good relationship with Rome. The idea of Messiah belief / savior and Jewish religious groups that played an important role in the rebellion were discussed within this framework. The fact that the Roman soldiers under the command of Titus entered Jerusalem was not a falling city, but a Jewish temple in Jerusalem, also known as the Temple of Solomon, and therefore the Jews' hopes. Undoubtedly, the biggest result of the rebellion for the Jews is the demolition of their temples in Jerusalem. With the demolition of the temple, it will become inevitable to experience some changes in the temple-centered rules and traditions. Although the temple was destroyed, the Western Wall, which is still present and known as the Wailing Wall, remains.

Keywords

Rome, Jerusalem, Jewish revolt, Solomon Temple, Pompeius, Titus

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