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Abstract


BAYRAMMAL MELÂMÎS AND HAMZA BÂLÎ
Bayrâmîyye is founded by a Turkish mystic named as Hacı Bayram-i Veli(d. 833 / 1429-30), born and raised in Anatolian lands. The founder of the Bayrâmîyye Hacı Bayrâm-ı Velî was born in Ankara in the first half of XIVth century. The year 815 (1412), when Hacı Bayrâm-ı Velî returned to Ankara after the death of Shaykh Hamiduddin in Aksaray and began his activity in the irsad, is regarded as the foundation date of Bayrâmîyye. This sect, which is linked to the Safavid sect by its origin, is divided into two on the death of Hacı Bayrâm-ı Velî. The part connected to Akşemseddin developed a good relationship with the central government by following the line of Ahl-i Sunnat, while Dede Ömer Sikkînî had an attitude in the opposition far away from the central government. Bayrâmîyye turn into a shape named as Melâmîyye in the XVIth century. Melâmîyye finds a very important and very broad base against the official ideology and the establishment in Ottoman history and will cause social mobilization. This sect which we know as Bayrammal Melâmîs will be called Hamzavîyye after 1561. At the same time, this sect is called the Hamzavi Melamis or the Second Circuit Melamis. The person who gave the name Tarikat is also known as Sheikh Hamza Bâlî and Sultan Hamza at the same time. Sheikh Hamza Bâlî carried the Melamian movement from Anatolia to the land of Rumelia. Ebussuud Efendi in the following periods, said “if Sheikh Hamza is in the way of Ismai'il so he would be murdered” and he was executed.

Keywords
Bayrâmîyye, Hacı Bayrâm-ı Velî, Melâmîyye, Hamzavîyye, Hamza Bâlî, Anatolia, Sufism.


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